The Japanese constitution states “There is no army, navy, air force, or other military power.”¬†However, Japan has a militant organization called the Self Defense Force (SDF).¬†From a foreign country, the SDF will look like a Japanese army.¬†But their status is civil servants, not military personnel.¬†Because it is not an army, the SDF does not have a military council system.
In recent years, the SDF go to conflict areas abroad and is responsible for backward support of allies. ¬†In that case, if they get caught up in a conflict and kill someone or be caught, there is a possibility that they will be tried as a criminal, not a soldier.
Therefore, some Japanese wish to revise the constitution and position the SDF as an official army, but there are a lot of people who do not want it. That conclusion has not come out.