Learn Japanese

What is Japanese?

Japanese is the only official language in Japan. We can communicate throughout Japan using standard Japanese. Because Japanese is almost a single ethnic group.

However, there are various dialects depending on the region, the intonation, the name of the thing, the wording are different. For the countryside, there are many elderly people who speak difficult dialects to strangers. But do not worry. Even Japanese people cannot understand unfamiliar dialects.

Japanese pronunciation

The basics of speaking Japanese is to avoid inflection if possible. You may wish to talk to machine sound like a smartphone.

Greeting

General Japanese greetings include the following.

  • Ohayou(おはよう) ← Good morning(casual)
  • Ohayou-gozaimasu(おはようございます) ← Good morning(polite)
  • Konnichiwa(こんにちは) ← Hello(in day time)
  • Konbanwa(こんばんは) ← Good evening
  • Oyasumi(おやすみ) ← Good night(casual)
  • Oyasuminasai(おやすみなさい) ← Good night(polite)
  • Irasshai(いらっしゃい) ← Welcome(casual)
  • Irasshaimase(いらっしゃいませ) ← Welcome(polite)
  • Sayounara(さようなら) ← Good bye
  • Matane(またね) ← See you(casual)
  • Arigatou(ありがとう) ← Thank you(casual)
  • Arigatou-gozaimasu(ありがとうございます) ← Thank you(polite)
  • Gomennasai(ごめんなさい) ← I,m sorry
  • Sumimasen(すみません) ←  Excuse me

Japanese characters

Japanese sentences basically consist of the following three character sets.

  • Kanji(漢字) ← Chinese characters
  • Katakana(カタカナ)
  • Hiragana(ひらがな)

Alphabets and numbers are mixed in this. In case of casual emoji and so on.

Kanji is an ideographic letter imported from China long ago. Individual letters have meaning.

On the other hand, since katakana and hiragana are phonograms, there is no point.

You can write all Japanese in Katakana or Hiragana. But then it is difficult to distinguish between homonyms.Therefore we mix kanji it.

The neighboring Korea has also used kanji for a long time, but they abolished it in the modern era. Therefore, I heard that reading mistakes occurred frequently now.